Eczema is a skin condition that causes redness, itchiness and red blisters on your skin. It is also sometimes referred to as dermatitis. It can appear on different parts of your body, it can be on your face, your arms, your legs or anywhere else. If care is not taken and it is not treated well on time it can become severe and cause severe skin irritation and redness. If you scratch too much it can get even more severe and your skin gets dark, thick and there is always a risk of getting an infection. What causes eczema? Unfortunately, the exact cause of this disease remains unknown. Scientists have not been able to find any specific reasons that can cause this disease. Some people have it in their genetics and are more prone to get it as compared to others. It can also be caused due to some allergic reaction due to some food, or some product that you used on your skin. How it can be treated? There is no exact cure for this disease but of course, there are some ways in which you can decrease the chances of getting it and if you get it mostly the treatment is to reduce the itching and inflammation to prevent any infections. However, there are still some steps that can be taken to cure this disease. Antibiotics
Most of the times doctors prescribe antibiotics to prevent this disease. The antibiotics, of course, kill the bacteria that can promote eczema. The antibiotics will mostly kill the bacteria that are causing the itching, and this is very helpful because if you keep on scratching the blisters they can cause infection which can make the situation worse. Taking a shower Taking a lukewarm shower can soothe your itchiness and soap can kill the bacteria. Use a soap that does not dry your skin. You should also use a moisturizer afterward to keep your skin well nourished and the bacteria away. This moisturizer can be a lotion or some ointment prescribed by your doctor. Adding a little bleach in water can also kill the bacteria on your skin and sooth the itchiness. Some medications In severe cases, the doctors prescribe some medicines. Now, these medicines must only be taken with doctors’ prescription. The medications mostly include creams and ointments that can sooth the skin and reduce the redness and inflammation. These medicines mostly include hydrocortisone and corticosteroids. Laser therapy
This is the last resort to treat eczema. It is only used when the skin condition becomes extremely severe and the problem has persisted for too long and none of the medications have been able to treat the condition. This method should only be done by professionals and registered people. Consult your doctor before getting laser therapy and it should only be done if the doctor prescribes it.
Keeping your skin well moisturized Dry skin is more prone to having eczema. Taking very hot showers can easily dry out your skin, therefore, it is very important that you keep your skin well moisturized. Use good quality moisturizers, drinks more water and generally take care of your skin. A well moisturized and healthy skin have lesser chances of getting eczema. There might not be some exact cure or treatment for this disease however there are still ways through which you can protect your skin. Having a good skin care routine will keep you safe from any skin diseases.